Strep throat rash is simply a symptom of scarlet fever which is practically always accompanied with strep or sore throat. Both strep throat and scarlet fever can be due to Streptococcus bacteria. The disease derived its name from the striking scarlet colored skin rash which develops all throughout the body together with strep throat. As previously mentioned, strep throat along with rash is due to Streptococcus bacteria primarily Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria. However, scarlet fever will only develop if the specific strain of the bacteria will release toxins in the body. Scarlatina will usually develop approximately two to four days from the time the person is exposed to the bacteria. Infrequently, it will also develop because of skin infection due to Streptococcus bacteria. The bacteria will penetrate into the body through any scrape, cuts or burn injury and then will lead to skin rash. But the skin rash will not be accompanied with the usual symptoms of strep throat.
Is Strep Rash Transmittable?
Certainly, it is infectious. The bacteria dwell in the nose as well as in the throat of an infected person. Later on, bacteria will spread through direct contact or airborne when the individual coughs or sneezes. The person infected can even spread the disease up to 24 hours after getting treatment.
Symptoms of Strep Rash
Skin rash which looks like sunburn at the outset is the most significant and distinguishing symptom of strep rash. The skin that is affected will become somewhat rough upon touch and it is as if you are touching a sand paper. The rash which follows strep throat will affect practically all areas of the body except the soles, palms and also the skin surrounding the mouth. After several days, the skin of the affected area will begin to peel. Peeling or flaking will persist for a few days. Aside from these, several other common symptoms of scarlet fever include:
• Sore Throat
• Cheeks are flushed
• Throat is swollen and becomes red
• Back of the throat has red dots
• Presence of fever and chills
• Pain on the head
• Tonsils are enlarged. They are also full of yellow or gray spots or coating.
• Lymph nodes in the neck area are tender and swollen
• Tongue becomes very red in color together with red dots seen on the surface. It looks like strawberry.
• Creases of the skin or Pastia’s lines particularly in the elbows, neck, underarms as well as the groin areas are darkened.
Treatment of Strep Rash
The diagnosis of scarlet fever can be made possible with the help of throat culture, rapid DNA test, rapid antigen test and blood tests. Antibiotics are the best treatment for both strep throat and scarlet fever. The antibiotics which are more frequently used for such treatment are clindamycin, penicillin, azithromycin and amoxicillin. For the time being, soreness of the throat can be alleviated by drinking lots of water and gargling several times in a day with saline water. A sore throat can even be relieved with warm water or liquids such as soup.
If this is left untreated, this will result to some serious complications such as sepsis or infection of the blood, acute glomerulonephritis, rheumatic fever, erythema nodosum as well as meningitis. Since the disease is infectious, it is extremely essential to prevent its transmission through maintenance of proper hygiene and keeping the mouth and nose covered during sneezing and coughing. You should also inform your doctor at the same time considering that immediate treatment will effectively cure the disease and put off associated complications.