More often than not, pain in the lower back occurs when the sacroiliac joints, facet joints and ligaments are used wrongly or injured. The cause for the exertion of pressure on the nerve roots which will ultimately result to back pain include spinal stenosis, spinal deformities, herniated disc, spondylolysis, fractures of the vertebrae, osteoarthritis or joint degeneration and spondylolisthesis. Other causes which are less frequent are Scheuermann’s disease, bacterial infection, ankylosing spondylitis, Paget’s disease and spinal tumors. There are two types of lower back pain. One is acute while the other one is chronic. The acute type persists for several days to a few weeks. Generally, the pain felt will only be for a short period of time. On the other hand, the chronic pain will persist for longer than three months and can be accompanied with pain that is progressive in nature. This can occasionally flare up or reduce in intensity. All age groups of people are affected with problems of the lower back. But this can particularly occur to people who are between 30 to 50 years old.
Guidelines for the Relief of Lower Back Pain
Usually, exercises are the first recommendation for those affected with low back pain. Activities like stretching exercise, aerobic exercise as well as strengthening exercise can work effectively in the reduction and prevention of pain on the lower back. Aerobic exercise is useful since it helps condition the heart and other muscles and sets off fast recovery. The second exercise is focused around the back, muscles of the legs and stomach. This can strengthen the muscles of the lower back. If the muscles and other supporting tissues are more flexible, anyone can be less susceptible to pain and injury to the lower back. This is certainly possible by incorporating stretching exercise.
Exercises which should be avoided as they tend to exacerbate back pain include leg lifts, toe touching in a standing position, straight leg sit-ups, standing military press or biceps curls and also bent leg sit-ups. A medical professional can provide you with more information regarding other useful exercises of the lower back together with information about exercises which should be completely avoided.
Another natural way of relieving back pain was developed by the Chinese culture and this is referred to as acupuncture. As stated by the Chinese acupuncturist, pain in the body occurs when energy is obstructed along the pathways of energy. Such clogged-up energy can be cleared by acupuncture needles which will be inserted into these pathways. Moreover, acupuncture will transmit signals which are useful in relaxing the central nervous system and thus, reduce the pain.
Certain products like pillows for more convenience while sleeping, neck supports which may be connected to the chair or driving seat and belts for muscle support can be used. They are intended to control the pain on the back. Other products such as foam pillows to keep the knees apart and soft wedges which are meant for resting the knees can help lessen the stress on the back. People suffering from lower back pain can utilize special soles to be placed inside their shoes and sandals. These soles contain specific pressure points which can alleviate the pain when walking.
When it comes to medicines, tablets, capsules and relief sprays can be obtained over the counter or through a prescription from the physician.