E.Coli or Escherichia coli is a common bacteria distinctively found in the intestine of humans and animals. The bacterium forms part of the normal gut flora which is present in the bowel. There are lots of different types of E. Coli. Most of them are harmless even if several strains of the bacteria can result to severe food poisoning and infections. Cystitis is a common infection due to the E. Coli bacterium. It is a bladder infection which is caused by the spread of E.Coli bacterium to the urinary tract from the gut. Generally speaking, women are more prone to E. Coli infection. This is due to the biological fact that the urethra and anus are very near to each other in women. Aside from the urinary tract infections, several types of E.Coli can also result to gastrointestinal infections. The common mode of transmission of this kind of infection is ingestion of food contaminated with the bacteria. Furthermore, E.Coli can result to severe illnesses which include the common bacterial strain E. Coli 0157. These produce toxins which will lead to outbreaks of serious infections.
Since there are numerous strains of the bacteria, the symptoms of E.Coli infection will depend on which bacterial strain of E. Coli is causing the infection and also the location of the infection. However, the classic symptoms associated with E.Coli bacteria are diarrhea, severe cramps in the stomach and vomiting. Sometimes, the symptoms persist for as long as a week if there are no complications. If E.Coli is left untreated, this can become severe and life-threatening.
As for E.Coli in the urine, the infection due to bacteria consists of the common urinary tract infections such as infection of the kidneys, infection of the urethra, infection of the ureters and infection of the bladder. The usual symptoms of urinary tract infections are:
• Urine that is cloudy
• The urge to urinate more often
• When passing urine, pain and discomfort is felt
• Urine has an unpleasant smell
• Pain in the abdomen
• Elevated temperature of 38 degrees Celsius or more
• Nausea which sometimes goes with vomiting
• Diarrhea or loose bowel movement