One of the most frequent behavioral problems in cats is biting. Before the act of biting, cats will squint or could appear tense. If a person is bitten by a cat, he should take necessary steps so that the wound will not become infected. Even if the punctured wound on the area affected will not appear to be extremely dangerous during that time, there is a big possibility that cat bites can become infected because proper care is lacking.
Once the sharp and pointed teeth of the cat penetrate into the skin, bacteria present in the mouth of the cat will settle down on the wounded area. Usually, the sharp teeth of the cat will cause punctured wounds. Unlike a dog bite, there could be bleeding as the skin is torn. But since the bleeding is not much, you might take the incident carelessly. Take note, however, that the punctured wounds can be dangerous. Yet, these wounds can be more harmful if infection sets in.
If the bite results to bleeding, some of the infected saliva will move out of the wounded area. Nonetheless, bacteria can have the chance to proliferate in the case of punctured wounds. If the affected area becomes infected, this will result to serious health problems. Anyone who is bitten by a cat has the risk of developing pasteurellosis or streptococcal or staphylococcal infections. It may be necessary to consult a doctor in case you have symptoms like presence of pus in the affected area, fever, redness and swelling. An infected bite which occurs in the joint can even result to infections of the bone. Therefore, it is important to take all the necessary precautions and visit the doctor as soon as possible.
How to Treat Puncture Wounds
If you have been bitten by a cat, you have to follow the steps below in order to prevent the wound from becoming infected. If there is little bleeding, the bacteria have to be flushed out from the affected area. Yet, you have to control the bleeding in order to clean up the wound. Put a gauze pad on top of the wound and apply a small pressure to keep the bleeding under control. Then, clean the wound using an anti-bacterial soap and lukewarm water. Ensure that no soap remnants remain in the wound.
Furthermore, betadine solution can be used in sterilizing the wound. An antibiotic ointment can also be applied and then, you can cover it with a clean bandage. These simple steps have to be followed at once when a person gets bitten by a cat. All of these can reduce the possibility of infection. It is also best to seek medical aid. The doctors may prescribe antibiotics and other medications in order to improve the symptoms. Another cause of concern is cat scratches. It is extremely necessary to seek medical attention so that risk of infections is reduced.
What you have read are simple steps which should be followed in case you get bitten by a cat. Avoid getting close to a cat if it appears to act strangely. But if you get bitten by the animal, get medical help immediately for proper treatment of the cat bite. Infection can also be prevented.