Hematuria is a condition in which the traces of blood are present in the urine. The amount of blood found in the urine will depend on the severity of the condition. A lot of times, these traces of blood in the urine can only be seen under a microscope. But if the condition is severe, the blood will become very visible to the eyes during urination.
In order to detect mild hematuria, it might be important to examine samples of urine under a microscope. Total hematuria is the term used if blood is visible all through urination. Another way of determining the presence of blood in urine is the application of urine sample to a strip coated with a chemical. When the strip changes its color, it indicates that the person has hematuria. The procedure called cystoscopy is then performed in which a fiber optic instrument is inserted into the urethra. Such procedure can help in seeing and detecting any anomalies in the urethra, prostate and bladder.
Some health problems associated with the urinary tract system can result to hematuria syndrome. The urinary tract system is composed of various organs such as prostate, kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. The kidneys are responsible for extracting excess amount of liquid from the blood. This excess liquid will then be converted into urine and travels through two hollow tubes called ureters. The urine accumulates in the bladder. It passes through the urethra as it is eliminated from the body. Any kind of condition that will damage or restrict the normal functioning of these organs can result to hematuria in males. These conditions are listed below:
• Kidney Stones
• Enlargement of Prostate
• Strenuous Exercises
• Urinary Tract Infection
• Sickle Cell Anemia
• Kidney Infection
• Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs
After the cause of hematuria has been diagnosed, it is now time to decide for the appropriate treatment plan. For example, individuals suffering from urinary tract infection are prescribed with antibiotics while those suffering from prostatitis are advised to use pain relievers and alpha blockers.
Take note that those with hematuria must refrain from performing any rigorous activity like lifting of weights. This can result to further complication and make hematuria worse. Even if exercise induced hematuria is not a matter of concern, it may be important to take rest for several days in order to resolve this urological condition.